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How to keep your bones healthy at any age


Article – Courtesy of Queensland Health

When babies are born, their skeleton is made up of 270 bones. As we grow up, this total shrinks slightly to 206, as some bones fuse together.

Your bones help you move, give your body strength and protect your organs. Keeping them healthy can help you feel well and keep active as you age, and reduce the risk of diseases like osteoporosis or injuries like bone fractures.

Read below for tips on keeping your bones healthy at all stages of life.


One of the main components of bones is calcium. Eating and drinking enough calcium-rich foods or drinks is important for growing strong, healthy bones during childhood and young adulthood, and maintaining bone mass as an adult.

Calcium can come from dairy foods like milk, yoghurt and cheese; green leafy vegetables; fish with edible bones like sardines or salmon; some nuts and seeds; and soy products like tofu.

You can find out how much calcium you need at different ages from the Better Health website, and find tips for adding more calcium to your diet on the Osteoporosis Australia website.


To help bones increase in density and grow strong, it’s important to use them a lot during exercise. “Weight-bearing exercise”, which means any exercise done working against gravity, helps bones grow stronger and harder. This could be anything from walking to weights training to dancing, just as long as you are supporting your weight with your body.

Choose weight-bearing exercises that increase in difficulty over time to make your bones strong. Keep in mind that exercises like swimming and cycling, while beneficial for the body in other ways, don’t build bone density as they don’t require the body to work against gravity.

Read more about the types of exercises that are good for bones, and for further information, read this article about how exercise can benefit you as you age.

Vitamin D

Your body uses vitamin D to help absorb calcium from food and drinks. While you can get vitamin D from some foods, the majority of our vitamin D intake comes from sunshine.

This doesn’t mean you should make an effort to get extra sunshine to up your vitamin D levels, however. In fact, this could be very dangerous in Queensland, as UV levels are high enough to damage your skin all year round. Make sure you use sun protection whenever you are outside.

Most Queenslanders get enough vitamin D from incidental sun exposure when outside doing regular activities like walking to the bus or hanging out the washing. Deliberately exposing yourself to extra sun could lead to skin damage and disease, including skin cancer.

Speak to your GP if you have any questions about your vitamin D levels.

Changes as you age


As children get bigger, their bones grow, too. Childhood is a great time to start building the foundations for lifelong, healthy bones by developing healthy diet and exercise habits.

Make sure children are getting plenty of calcium in their diet to grow strong, healthy bones. Weight-bearing exercise might be found through running and playing outside, or through organised sports like tennis or gymnastics.


Adolescence is a time of growth, with teenagers building up to a quarter of their adult bones mass during the peak growth years.

Just like during childhood, teenagers should continue to consume plenty of calcium-rich foods and drinks, with their daily calcium requirement more than double that of their early years. Teenagers should also continue to exercise, strengthening their growing bones.


Your twenties are your last chance to add to your adult bone mass – after about the age of 30 you can only maintain bone mass.

Make sure your bones are healthy and strong by continuing to be mindful of the amount of calcium in your diet. When you finished school, you might also have stopped taking part in organised sports. Make sure you’re still doing enough weight-bearing exercise by making time to move every day.


After your twenties, your bone mass isn’t able to be increased any more, but diet and exercise will still impact how you maintain or lose bone density.

Even though you can’t build more bone mass, it’s important to remember that your bones are constantly regenerating, which means they still need calcium to stay strong.

Hormonal changes, like menopause for women, can also affect bone strength. Talk to your GP if you have any questions about how hormonal changes or any medications you are taking might affect your bone health.

Some Perspective - the COVID 19 Vaccines



Article – Courtesy of Queensland Health

We all know vaccines have been around for a long time, but right now it might seem like the COVID-19 vaccines are all you hear about when you turn on your TV, the radio, or open social media.

It might even be dominating the conversations you overhear on the train each morning.

From legitimate stories of blood clots and allergies, to conspiracy theories like microchips and autism, we are constantly flooded with the good, bad, and ugly of vaccine information.

But what does this mean? Are the COVID-19 vaccines more dangerous than the vaccines that protect us against chicken pox, whooping cough, and measles?

In short? No.

The COVID-19 vaccines are topical. They’re new. They’re in vogue. They are under the global microscope in a way modern medicine has never seen before. More popular than Taylor Swift, more controversial than the Kardashians.

This attention, coupled with a mass vaccination rate never seen in history, means potential issues with the vaccine are exacerbated.

Let’s compare the pair.

2.8 billion doses of the COVID-19 vaccines have been given globally.

That’s a contribution of 321 million vaccinations from the USA in six months, where annually the American national influenza campaign only distributed 174 million vaccines the whole of last year!

We are vaccinating very large numbers of people over a short period of time. When you hear some media outlets reporting severe reactions, this doesn’t mean there’s more of them, statistically, it means we hit fast-forward on outcomes we would normally see over months – even years. A certain number of unexpected and unusual reactions are going to happen, by chance, in the period following vaccination.

It’s like watching a Quentin Tarantino movie on 10x speed and thinking, ‘Gee, I’ve seen a lot of Brad Pitt in just five minutes.’

So how exactly do we know these vaccines are safe and what does it actually mean when we hear that vaccine safety is monitored regularly?

In a nutshell, the normal, business-as-usual safety and monitoring systems are still at play.

In Australia, we have the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) and the Australian Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation (ATAGI).

The TGA has overall responsibility for monitoring the safety of medicines and vaccines in Australia. They were also the group responsible for approving their use in the first place.

They are also the body who manage reports of adverse events, in order to centrally detect safety concerns and communicate these issues to the public.

That’s why it is mandatory for any clinician to report any adverse reactions you may have to a vaccination of any kind, not just the COVID-19 vaccines.

ATAGI provides advice to the Federal Minister for Health and research organisations on current immunisation research and areas that need further attention, and consults with relevant organisations to implement immunisation policies, procedures, and vaccine safety.

It was ATAGI that led the changes we saw some weeks ago in relation to the AstraZeneca vaccine and new recommendations for those under 50 years of age.

None of this is new. But all of this works.

In fact, Australia has some of the strictest and most closely monitored vaccine standards in the world.

We even started using AusVaxSafety back in 2014, alongside the National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance. AusVaxSafety is a vaccine surveillance system that allows us to proactively look for potential issues with vaccinations.

Texts or emails are sent to individuals, asking them survey questions on their health after being vaccinated. This is on top of the other systems we already have.

So far this year, AusVaxSafety has surveyed nearly 187,000 people after they’ve had the 2021 influenza vaccine. This number will continue to grow through the year. Last year (2020) it was around 260,000 in total.

The public should feel confident in vaccines—the science is sound—but they should also feel safe in the knowledge that we’re always monitoring, always watching, always checking.

Please get vaccinated when it is your turn to do so.

Want to know more?

The Queensland and Australian government websites have all you know need to know about our COVID-19 vaccines.

You can register to receive the COVID vaccine at Getting vaccinated.

COVID-19 Vaccination News

COVID Vaccine


Our COVID Vaccination Clinic opens Tuesday 23rd March.
To check if you are eligible for the vaccine click HERE
For further information on the COVID vaccine you can view the following PDF documents from the Department of Health:
To read the official information from the Department of Health about the COVID-19 Vaccination click HERE
To find out what you can do to be ready for your COVID-19 Vaccine click HERE
To find out what happens after you are vaccinated for COVID-19 click HERE

Why are skin checks so important?

Skin Checks


Queensland has one of the highest rate of skin cancer so everyone should have a professional skin check at least annually in our region.
A GP can perform a skin check and examine any lesions of concern. They are familiar with your history, can talk to you about risk factors and family history, and treat some skin cancers. They might also refer you to a dermatologist, if needed.  (Melanoma Institute Australia)
Call us today for an appointment.